Where can you find us?
Dental Centrum NIVY
821 08, Bratislava
Mon – Thurs: from 07:00 to 19:00
Fri: from 07:00 to 15:00
Tartar is a calcified/hardened biofilm. When minerals from the saliva are deposited on the teeth in the biofilm, the biofilm hardens and tartar is formed. A predisposition for increased tartar formation is an increased concentration of calcium ions in saliva or insufficient personal oral hygiene.
Tartar is most commonly found in the area around the gums. It forms a border around the tooth, which can be white, brown or black in colour. It is further located in the interdental spaces. This is where the tartar is mostly black in colour. Another common place where tartar is found is the lower front teeth from the side of the tongue. This is where the tartar usually has a white or brown colour, depending on the pigments that latch onto the teeth.
The tartar formed cannot be removed by oral hygiene performed at home. However, regular and thorough oral hygiene can prevent tartar from forming. If the teeth are free from biofilm, no tartar will form.
Tartar creates a place where bacteria can easily take root and subsequently trigger the body’s defensive response – gingivitis. Chronic/prolonged gingivitis leads to periodontitis/paradontitis. Periodontitis is a dangerous, slow building disease of the tissues around the teeth. As a result of periodontitis, tissues slowly deteriorate. As a result, the teeth in the mouth start to move, creating bigger gaps until eventually the teeth have nothing to hold them in place, and they begin to wobble and fall out. The worst thing about this disease is that it doesn’t hurt, so you don’t even know you have it until you lose your teeth. Parodontitis can sometimes hurt, but that is the final stage, which we can’t do anything about and you will surely lose your teeth.
Tartar is hard thus it mechanically irritates the gums and the alveolar bone, which holds the teeth. By this mechanical pressure, the bone responds with receding and deterioration, which leads to periodontitis. Therefore, it is very important to regularly remove the tartar from the tooth surface via professional dental hygiene.
During dental hygiene, we remove tartar gently using ultrasound and hand tools. This treatment is carried out by a skilled dental hygienist and is completely painless. If you feel pain in your gums before the treatment, then the treatment itself might be slightly uncomfortable but not painful.
Symptoms of tartar build up that you may notice at home are painful and swollen gums. Inflamed gums are manifested by bleeding during personal oral hygiene. Gums never bleed spontaneously, they always start bleeding only when pressure is applied, e.g. with a toothbrush or interdental brush. If our gums bled spontaneously when inflamed, most people would walk around looking like vampires, because up to 90% of people have gingivitis.
The prerequisites for the prevention of tartar are: thorough and regular oral hygiene performed at home, daily use of interdental brushes, drinking enough clean water (at least 1.5 litres in the morning)
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